Solar Temple
Vara Cave

My Special Thank to Mr. Jafar Sepehri

Vara Cave & Solar Temple Photo Gallery by Jafar Sepehri

Solar Temple
Vara Cave

Jafar Sepehri
University of Applied Science and Technology
Jahrom is located in Fars province. It is bounded to Fasa from the north, Firuzabad from south and west, Darab from east, Lar from western south and Shiraz from southern north.
Jahrom is one of the oldest cities of Iran and its previous name was "Gahrom" means hot place (Hotlanta!). It is believed that it was established by Homa, the daughter of Bahman who was Esphandyar's son who happened the be the mythical king of Iran. Ferdowsi, the greatest Iranian poem (Iranian Homer), has mention Jahrom's name in his book Shahnameh in the Sasanied era and stated the name of Gahrom. Jahrom has also been mentioned in the texts referring to the attacks of Macedonian Alexandria. The city was a dry land during the kingdom of Bahram Gur.
According to some researchers, scholars and historian, the city was established by Ardeshir I, the fifth king of Achaemenian, 4 centuries BC. The city had a remarkable position during the Achaemenian and Sassanid and was the place of residence for princes. Balkhi quoted in Farsnameye Din (=a book about ancient Iran):" Whoever became the crown prince had the opportunity to rule Jahrom".
According to Estakhri, Ebn-e-Balkhi and Hadullah Mostufi, Jahrom was a big fortress, known as Khurshah or Khur Shah and this fortrees was 30 km far from the city. Later, it was repaired and restored by the efforts of Khajeh Nezam-ul Molk Tousi.
In the south of Jahrom, there is a Sasanid fire temple (known as Ghadamgah) which is located on the hill and had a view over Jahrom. Mausoleum of Barbod who was a great musician is beside the temple.
Close to Jahrom there is one of the world's ancient man-made caves called Sang Eshkan (Break stones). The pillars of this ancient structure remind us of the architectural glory of the ancient time (as I know, this man-made cave is similar to the cave of Kuchanagh in MeshkinShahr, Azerbaijan province). The natural cave of Buniz (nice odor) is located in a promenade known as Buniz.
Midway to Jahrom from Shiraz, the city of Khafr is located. The beautiful water fall of Khafr is an appropriate place for a short rest and then you can continue your way to the cubic mausoleum of Jamasb, who was a prominent Iranian scientist and scholar. To reach this historical monument, you must pass some beautiful garden lanes and hike for minutes. After passing the city of Khafr, you reach to Bab_Anar (Baba Anar) city and its beautiful water fall. In Iranian word, Baba means great man and Anar means pomegranate, something like "Johnny Apple Seed", or may be the leader of the red-dressed (= Khoramdin) revolutionary.

These words meaning:
Zendune_Vara means Vara Prison:
The high and smooth walls of the valley to the Cave have been assimilated to the walls of a prison.
Haft Odune means seven pools or ponds:
Haft means seven and was very important in Mitraism and Dervishes' tradition. O means water in some Iranian dialects. Odune or Abdan means pool. In Iran we have many places named Haft Odune, Haft Abdan, Haft Cheshmeh, and Haft Houze. In the height of central Alburz chain mountain, near Tehran, and midway from Palang Chal (means Leopard den) shelter, to the summit of Shah_Neshin peak, there is a place with seven ponds, known as Haft Cheshmeh or Haft Oduni.
Kho = Khab (place something), Go = Gav (bull), Nish (sting). A place where a snake has stung a bull. In the traditions referring to the Mehr worshipping, they used to place a bull in the direction of east and then sacrifice it. In the statues left from that era, at the time of sacrificing the bull, a snake and a scorpion were present and stinging the bull.
O=Ab (water) means spring. Ghazi means judge, or god warrior.
A green bush with beautiful white, red or pink flowers.
A water-hole where many hunts or prays could be found.
O=Ab (water), Gel (mud), and Kuy (lane): A narrow passage beside water which was full of mud.
Rain-watered farms.

از شهرهای بسیار قدیمی ایران است که نام قبلی آن گهرم بوده‌است. فردوسی در شاهنامه از آن در عصر ساسانیان یاد کرده و نام دلاور ایرانی یعنی گهرم بر آن نهاده‌است. هم چنین در تاخت و تاز اسکندر از جهرم نام برده می‌شود و این شهر را در عصر پادشاهی بهرام گور دشتی بی آب می‌خواند. جهرم یا گهرم به معنی جای گرم است. به استناد نوشته‌های استخری، ابن بلخی و حمدالله مستوفی، جهرم قلعهٔ بزرگ، معروف به خورشه و خورشاه داشت که فاصله آن تا شهر، پنج فرسخ بود. بانی این قلعه، خورشه، عامل خلفای بنی‌امیه در جهرم بود. این قلعه بعدها به همت خواجه نظام الملک وزیر مشهور سلجوقیان تعمیر و مرمت شد. در نهایت پس از پیروزی اعراب این شهر را جهرم خواندند. یکی از جنگهای اعراب و ایرانیان و شاید آخرین آن در این شهر واقع گردید که تعداد کشته‌ها آنقدر زیاد بوده که کوهی در غرب جهرم محل این درگیری به کوه شهدا معروف شده‌است و دره‌ای نیز به نام دره لاشه (جسد) معروف گردیده‌است

مکان‌های دیدنی و تاریخی
مسجد جامع جهرم از آثار دوره صفوی آتشکده قدمگاه که در جنوب شهر جهرم روی تپه‌ای باصفا دیده می‌شود. این آتشکده بر تمامی شهرستان جهرم مشرف است و از جمله آثار باستانی و دیدنی منطقه به شمار می‌یند مقبره جاماسب حکیم نیز از دیگر جاذبه هی تاریخی منطقه‌است که به دوره ساسانی مربوط می‌شود
بزرگ‌ترین غار دست ساز جهان که بنام سنگ‌شکن معروف است در این شهر قرار دارد غار ورا نیز از دیگر جاذبه‌های طبیعی جهرم است قبر باربد از موسقیدانان بزرگ دوره ساسانی
بازار جهرم
کوه‌های دیدنی بنیز، چاتیز، اونار و غیره
قلعه باستانی معروف به قلعه گبری که بر روی یک کوه کوچک ما بین دو کوه بزرگ قرار دارد.از عجایب قلعه گبری چاه این قلعه‌است که در سنگ کوه حفر شده است
چشمه‌ای در کوه معروف به دوغوره

Temple Solar - Vara Cave INT870617
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